By Steven Taylor
This publication explores the therapy, management, and event of youngsters and teenagers qualified as insane in England in the course of the 19th and early 20th centuries. It makes use of various assets from Victorian associations to discover nearby changes, rural and concrete comparisons, and different types of psychological ailment and psychological disability. The dialogue of various pathways in and out of the asylum bargains a chance to re-examine nineteenth-century baby psychological impairment in a large social-cultural context, and its conclusions widen the parameters of a ‘mixed financial system of care’ by way of introducing a number of websites of remedy and confinement. via its expansive scope the research intersects with themes equivalent to the historical past of youth, institutional tradition, urbanisation, neighborhood monetary improvement, welfare background, and philanthropy.
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Additional resources for Child Insanity in England, 1845-1907 (Palgrave Studies in the History of Childhood)
The first stage of certification was the Poor Law Medical Officer. He, the position was always held by a man, had to inform the Parish Officers within three days of having identified a potential pauper lunatic. J. TAYLOR of a doctor or medical officer. If insanity was confirmed the medical man completed a Certificate of Insanity and the JP issued a Reception Order that dispatched the insane pauper to the county asylum. 10 This teleological process was, however, not always strictly enforced and often exceptions were made.
Even when children were not long-stay patients they were unlikely to return home after being admitted to the asylum. Nevertheless, using patient casefile analysis it is still possible to identify some strategic use of the asylum. The catalyst in roughly 10 % of child admissions to asylums was not their mental conditions, but the somatic illness of a parent or carer. 74 A parent suffering from latter stage phthisis would have struggled to provide and care for their children. 75 Consequently, family ties, or the lack of them, to tuberculosis, phthisis, and consumption regularly featured in the certification of children.
Rebok Rosenthal, “Insanity, Family and Community in Late-Victorian Britain,’ in A. Borsay and P. 29–42. Wright, Earlswood; following the success of the Earlswood Idiot Asylum other institutions were established using the same model in other parts of England. Also see: Gladstone, ‘The Changing Dynamic of Institutional Care’. 21. Crompton, Workhouse Children. 83–86. While this research deals specifically with lunatic children in England it is also important to mention here that the institutionalisation of children in Scotland has been presented by I.