Formal and Informal Strategic Planning: The Interdependency by Daniel Ebner

By Daniel Ebner

Previous study centred both at the courting among strategic making plans and function or coordination mechanisms and function. consequently, a conceptually and empirically confirmed knowing of the interplay among those 3 components is restricted. This learn addresses this hole within the literature through providing 3 contributions to conception and empirical examine: to start with, through clarifying and offering the impacts of strategic making plans and strategic association at the functionality; secondly, by way of constructing a version and linked hypotheses on either direct and interplay results of strategic making plans and coordination mechanisms; and thirdly, by means of trying out the hypotheses. Findings concerning strategic making plans recommend the coexistence of formal and casual strategic making plans actions. moreover, effects exhibit that the connection among strategic making plans and function is moderated by means of coordination mechanisms.

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Additional info for Formal and Informal Strategic Planning: The Interdependency between Organization, Performance and Strategic Planning (BestMasters)

Example text

Ackoff (1981) noted, that “[p]lanning... is anticipatory decision making. It is a process of deciding... before action is required”. This is supported by Friedmann (1967), who wrote that "planning is defined as the guidance of change within a social system. ] Planning may be simply regarded as reason acting on a network of ongoing activities through the intervention of certain decision structures and processes". And Koontz & O'Donnell (1972) defined that "[p]lanning is deciding in advance what to do, how to do it, when to do it, and who is to do it.

As all decisions are based on data derived from market research or other sources that inform the senior management, this data needs time to harden, which makes them late. Furthermore this data often lack qualitative aspects or were aggregated too extensively. Therefore, some managers rely on “some of the softest form” of information, even including hearsay and “other intangible scraps of information” (Mintzberg, 1994a). This criticism by Mintzberg, that too explicit strategic planning is counterproductive, is one of the most widely circulated ones.

Strategy formation is a shared understanding among the individuals that enact the organization's strategy, an on-going learning process based on organizational activities, and also a social learning process. Strategic decisions are therefore assumed to be influenced by managers throughout the organization, including lower level and middle managers. Their actions taken enable the emergence of a strategy over time. This is decentralized strategic 32 decision making (Noda & Bower, 1996; Mintzberg, 1994a; Burgelman, 1983; Floyd & Wooldridge, 1992).

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