By Steve Bickerstaff
The occasions of 2003 in Texas have been vital to the political historical past of this nation. Congressman Tom hold up led a Republican attempt to gerrymander the state's thirty-two congressional districts to defeat all ten of the Anglo Democratic incumbents and to pick extra Republicans; Democratic kingdom lawmakers fled the kingdom which will defeat the plan. The Lone megastar kingdom uproar attracted realization all over the world. The Republicans received this showdown, gaining six extra seats from Texas and conserving the only endangered Republican incumbent. This final result has undeniably affected nationwide policy-making and has made it more challenging for Democrats to regain a majority within the U.S. residence of Representatives. many of the equipment utilized by hold up to accomplish this end result, although, resulted in his legal indictment and finally to his downfall. With its eye-opening learn, readable variety, and insightful statement, traces within the Sand offers a front-line account of what occurred in 2003, frequently throughout the own tales of individuals of either events and of the minority activist teams stuck in a political vortex. legislation professor Steve Bickerstaff offers much-needed historic viewpoint and likewise probes the aftermath of the 2003 redistricting, together with the felony prosecutions of hold up and his affiliates and the occasions that ended in DeLay's eventual resignation from the U.S. apartment of Representatives.
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Extra info for Lines in the Sand: Congressional Redistricting in Texas and the Downfall of Tom DeLay
The legislature reconvened in special session during the summer of 1981 to redraw the congressional districts. , one in which a majority of the voters belong to an ethnic or racial minority) in Dallas. Such a district would have had the partisan effect of reducing the number of dependably Democratic voters spread among the surrounding districts in the Dallas area, increasing the possibility of Republican success in those areas. ) Specifically, the Democratic congressman seen as being in the greatest jeopardy was Jim Mattox, since the Republican plan would cause his district to lose most of its minority population.
By 1981, there were fourteen African Americans in the Texas House (all elected from districts in urban counties) and seventeen Hispanics. By 1981 racial- and ethnic-minority lawmakers made up over 20 percent of the House; all were Democrats. Protecting Democratic Seats at the Expense of Minority-Opportunity Districts Trading a Senate Seat for a Congressional Seat By 1981, the districts drawn in 1971 had led to the election of four Hispanic members to the Texas Senate. All were elected from heavily Hispanic areas in South Texas and Bexar County.
Democrat Ann Richards followed Clements as governor. She was defeated for reelection in 1994 by George W. Bush. S. Senator was Tom Phillips, who was appointed Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court by Clements and won election to that office in 1988. 8 In 1990, most of these offices were held by Democrats. S. Senate seat; the other was held by Democrat Lloyd Bentsen. Justice Phillips was Chief Justice; two other Republicans served on the state supreme court. Otherwise the Democrats held the critical state offices.