Jung, Irigaray, Individuation: Philosophy, Analytical Psychology, and the Question of the Feminine

By Frances Gray

How do philosophy and analytical psychology give a contribution to the mal-figuring of the female and ladies? Does Luce Irigaray's paintings signify the potential of individuation for girls, an break out from masculine projection and an asserting re-figuring of girls? And what could individuation for girls entail?


This paintings postulates a unique and precise courting among Carl Jung and Luce Irigaray. Its crucial argument, that an ontologically various female id located in women's embodiment, women's family tree and a women's divine is feasible, develops and re-figures Jung's idea of individuation when it comes to an Irigarayan woman-centred politics. Individuation is re-thought as a politically charged factor concentrated round sex-gendered distinction focussed on a critique of Jung's belief of the feminine.

The ebook outlines Plato's notion of the female as sickness and argues that this notion is located in Jung's idea of the anima female. It then argues that Luce Irigaray's paintings demanding situations the idea of the female as illness. Her mimetic adoption of this figuring of the female is a right away attack on what could be understood as a culturally dominant Western realizing. Luce Irigaray argues for a female divine with a view to version an amazing female simply because the masculine divine versions a masculine excellent. In making her claims, Luce Irigaray, the booklet argues, is increasing and elaborating Jung's proposal of individuation.

Jung, Irigaray, Individuation brings jointly philosophy, analytical psychology and psychoanalysis in suggesting that Luce Irigaray's perception of the female is a severe re-visioning of the open-ended chances for person expressed in Jung's concept of individuation. This clean perception will intrigue lecturers and analysts alike in its exploration of different traditions from which Carl Jung and Luce Irigaray speak.

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Ladies can't be unfastened whereas they're subjugated by way of the grasp symbolic/imaginary. therefore her writing could be visible as a website of fight during which a lady engages the grasp in mortal strive against. this isn't Hegel’s unique website of fight: equivalent self-consciousnesses don't face one another. quite self-consciousnesses re-engage after the preliminary conflict, one figuring out that she is built in the course of the eyes of the victor, her grasp. Lacan’s declare of woman’s essence that ‘she isn't in any respect’ can't locate closure except the conversing voice of girl, albeit during the masculine symbolic/imaginary, is silenced.

Past Jung’s definitions for his key options and their in all probability essentialist connotation lies, despite the fact that, a extra pernicious factor. His uncritical adoption of stereotypical characterisations of girls and males, couched by way of collective subconscious pre-figuring, opens the door to analyzing him as ahistorical and it appears essentialising in terms of ladies and the female. as a result moral and political implications which happen, this latter isn't an easy subject of outdated theorisation.

I feel such responses are groundless, partially simply because they don't recognize the structural point at which Luce Irigaray is facing the issues as she sees them. And in terms of discussing Jung and his perspectives and statements approximately ladies, an analogous feedback may practice on the subject of the anima-feminine. bankruptcy 7 Jung, Luce Irigaray and essentialism a brand new examine an previous challenge The approach of dualism in Western philosophy as a mode of establishing principles has produced a number of theories trying to describe and validate separate and opposing sexual features.

That's what contemporary feminist theorising, particularly, has tried to do: to examine the principles and to do the $64000 paintings of realizing the psycho-social and psycho-cultural assumptions that be sure the ordering of the social global and the making of person individuals. So, for instance, if we contemplate the wraith-like types and their ‘opposites’, the obese our bodies whose pictures common well known media, the debates approximately women’s our bodies and bio-technologies resembling IVF, breast implantations and plastic surgery, then our reflections could lead us to reflect on the preponderant attitudes to girls and their our bodies so glaring in those photos and concerns.

THE SPECULAR DIVINE It’s now not easily a question of a replicate within which one sees oneself, yet of how during which it’s attainable to offer an account of the area inside of a discourse: a reflect of the area. How I’m going to aim to offer an account of the area in my discourse. It’s during this feel exceptionally that I additionally performed with the reflect, yet no longer easily, as the replicate in an easy experience, within which I see myself, has served for the main half to represent a masculine topic. (Hirsh and Olsen 1966: thirteen) Feuerbach’s concept that God is the reflect of guy is predicted via Kant’s research of anthropomorphism in theology.

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