The King's Cardinal: The Rise and Fall of Thomas Wolsey

By Peter Gwyn

Proud, grasping, corrupt and pushed via overwhelming own ambition. Such is the conventional photograph of Thomas Wolsey, Lord Chancellor, Archbishop of York, Bishop of Winchester, Abbot of St. Albans, Bishop if Tournai and Papal Legate. it's a picture which Peter Gwyn examines, demanding situations and decisively overturns during this striking book.

From incredibly humble beginnings Wolsey rose to a top of energy unsurpassed by means of the other British commoner. Peter Gwyn explores each element of the Cardinal's occupation - now not least his dating with Henry VIII - and units it firmly in a vividly recreated Tudor international. The Wolsey who emerges is a guy of prodigious power and talent, a tireless dispenser of justice, an enlightened reformer thoroughly devoted to his king and state - a guy who has been continually misrepresented and maligned for four-and-a-half centuries.

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For either episodes. 153 M. J. Kelly, ‘Canterbury jurisdiction’, pp. 42-94. 154 Cavendish, p. sixteen. one hundred fifty five See pp. 31-2 above. 156 On 7 Feb. 1519; Wolsey’s having been summoned for 14 March. a replica of Warham’s summons is to be present in BL MS upload 48012, fo. 53v. 157 Wilkins, iii, pp. 660-1 (LP, iii, seventy seven (2)). it isn't dated yet possibly written particularly quickly after Warham’s summonses were despatched out on 2 Dec. 158 seasoned SP l/18/fo. 37 (LP, iii, seventy seven [6]). 159 man, Cardinal’s court docket, pp. seventy six, 164-5 for the advice and documentation; see additionally Elton, Reform and Reformation, pp.

149 steered by way of Henry’s want in 1527 for a dispensation permitting him to marry a girl who had already shriveled to marry another person supplied there have been no consummation, and through the necessity in 1532 to acquire a press release from Henry Percy that no formal precontract have been entered into. 150Sp. Cal. , iii (ii), p. 432. 151 See pp. 192-3 above. 152LP, iv, 4081, 4584, 5210; see additionally Ives, Anne Boleyn, pp. 126-7. I should still maybe point out that my account of Wolsey’s downfall used to be written prior to Ives’s biography seemed, and differs from it in a couple of respects.

None of this has to intend that city prosperity was once declining, however it could good clarify the various petitions to the Crown from the cities for tax reduction, a lot of which have been favourably got. it may possibly even be actual that a few cities have been dealing with really critical difficulties. Lincoln had suffered badly from the silting up of the River Witham. Hull’s export exchange to the Baltic used to be destroyed by way of the Hanseatic League’s expanding stranglehold on all exchange to that quarter; Boston’s export exchange, too, turns out to have significantly lowered, although in either situations the amount of coastal site visitors could have elevated.

224 I owe this data to Bowker’s kindness, taken from LAO sign in 27 (Longland), fos. 148v-9; the sign in truly refers to ‘Alyn’. one other oddity is that the cost said that Allen was once avoided on 2 Dec. 15 rooster. VIII, that's in 1523 (PRO KB 29/161/ m. 37), yet the entire facts means that Woderuffe was once rector of Galby until eventually his demise in both past due 1526 or early 1527 and that in simple terms then did Allen prevail him. 225LP, iv, 2340. 226LP, iv, 3277. For these enthusiastic about the proposal of faction, Norfolk’s involvement during this episode might be of curiosity, yet he turns out to were in favour of the elimination, so possibly, in this party no less than, now not adversarial to Wolsey.

243 On 12 September Wolsey was once prompt to exhibit Henry’s perspectives on technique to English and Imperial commanders in France,244 and on 20 September he was once offered with thousand phrases on why the siege of Boulogne shouldn't be raised. 245 It was once an excellent presentation of the arguments, a lot of which have been to end up all too prescient; yet in reality the siege was once to be deserted and the choice technique of a march into the bowels of France followed. this isn't proof of a susceptible and simply led Henry.

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